Power Banks in Checked Baggage

Power Bank in Checked Baggage

 

Are Power Banks allowed in checked baggage?

For security reasons (fire hazard!) power banks are forbidden in checked baggage practically anywhere in the world. In hand luggage, on the other hand, standard power banks are still allowed as a rule, but only subject to certain restrictions.

 

A definite NO for power banks in checked baggage

Prohibition boards and posters for prohibited items in checked baggage that indicate that Power Banks may not be accommodated in checked baggage can now be found everywhere at the airport:

  • At check-in
  • on the way to the security check in the form of posters
  • at the security check itself
  • on the website of the corresponding airline
  • and in many other places…I think you get the point

But why is it that powerbanks are forbidden in checked baggage? We will now look at the reasons for this in detail.

 

American Airlines, British Airways, Ryanair and Co. about power banks in checked baggage

Not only at the airport itself, but also on the website of every airline, you will find the info that Power Banks have no place in checked baggage.

In most cases, the airlines point out the regulations for batteries (includes Power Banks) in a category called “Dangerous Goods” or “Restricted Items”

This is the case with British Airways, for example. You will find the corresponding info on their page called “Liquids, banned & restricted itemsThere you can see that loose batteries (spare batteries) are forbidden in checked baggage. 

American Airlines talks batteries on their page “Restricted items”. Moreover, they link to the PHMSA, the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration for more in-depth information about travelling with lithium batteries.

And how does low-cost airline Ryanair inform its customers about Power Banks & batteries in baggage?

Ryanair doesn’t make it easy for you in this respect, because in order to find this information, you would have to go through Ryanair’s General Conditions of Carriage to find any information on the subject at all.

Finally, in Article 8, “Baggage”, you will find under 8.4.2 a reference to the fact that replacement batteries (including our beloved Power Banks) are not permitted in checked baggage.

 

(Replacement) Batteries and the International Air Transport Association (IATA)

Although the IATA guidelines are not directly binding on the airlines (and not every airline is an IATA member), the regulations are in most cases complied with or implemented by the airlines. As far as batteries in air travel are concerned, the following document contains, among other things, information on how the subject of batteries on air travel is handled.

2019 Lithium Battery Guidance Document Revision 1

Power Bank (power pack, mobile battery, etc.): These are portable devices designed to be able to charge consumer devices such as mobile phones and tablets. For the purposes of this guidance document and the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations, power banks are to be classified as batteries and must be assigned to UN 3480, lithium-ion batteries, or UN 3090, lithium metal batteries, as applicable. For carriage by passengers, power banks are considered spare batteries and must be individually protected from short-circuit and carried in carry-on baggage only.IATA

 

Another key document in this context is the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulation Table 2.3A:

Latest version, 60th Edition, 2019 (see keyword “Batteries”):

What is contained in this document is thus implemented by most airlines. As an aid and starting point, it is a very helpful document. However, the exact provisions may differ from these rules depending on the country or airline.

 

Power banks in checked baggage in the US

Not only in Europe and generally within the EU Power Banks are prohibited in checked baggage, but also the US.

Proof of this is provided by the American Transportation Security Administration (TSA), which is generally in charge of baggage (both hand and checked baggage) in the states.

Power Banks in checked baggage in the USA

 

Power banks in checked baggage in China

Even in the Middle Kingdom, Power Banks are no longer tolerated in checked baggage. As in Europe, Power Banks are still allowed in hand luggage (subject to restrictions).

I was recently in Beijing at the airport and there you’ll find all sorts of hints (posters, etc.) that Powerbanks are forbidden in checked baggage.

Both at the gate and at the security checkpoint, passengers are told several times that under no circumstances should they take Power Banks with them in their checked baggage.

 

Why are Power Banks forbidden in checked baggage?

If lithium batteries (such as Power Banks) short-circuit, a fire will be caused.

In the cargo hold, where the checked baggage is located, such a fire could have devastating consequences and remain unnoticed for a long time. Power Banks are therefore prohibited in checked baggage.

Of course, a Power Bank can also short-circuit in hand luggage and there is also a fire hazard here, but the cabin crew will be able to get such a fire under control quickly.

Evidence?

It wasn’t long ago that a power bank sparked a fire in the cabin of a flight operated by China Southern Airlines. That’s what it looked like:

 

Power Banks in hand luggage

As mentioned in the introduction to this article, Power Banks are generally allowed in carry-on baggage. However, there are restrictions here as well. You can find more about this in our article batteries in hand luggage.

In this article, you will find important information about the following topics & questions:

  • How many batteries (such as power banks) can I bring?
  • What restrictions are there exactly?
  • What do the different battery names (abbreviations) stand for?
  • How to properly pack batteries for air travel?
  • How do you calculate the watt-hour number of batteries?

Moreover, you will also learn in which case it might be required to get the approval by the air carrier so that you can bring your (spare) batteries.

 

Related Questions

 

In which battery category are Power Banks to be classified?

Power Banks basically belong to the category of spare batteries. Power Banks are equipped with either lithium-ion or lithium-polymer batteries. Why is this classification important for you as a passenger? Because airlines often talk about replacement batteries and not Power Banks in this context. So if you find information on transporting replacement batteries on the official airline website, you know that they are most likely valid for your Power Bank.

 

What happens if I accidentally stowed my Power Bank in my checked baggage?

What exactly will happen is hard to predict. Most likely, however, one of the following cases will occur:

  • Your Power Bank will be detected during screening and you still have the option to take the Power Bank out of your checked baggage before passing through the security check.
  • Your power bank is discovered during screening and then confiscated by security personnel. In this case, you will usually find a note in your suitcase confirming the confiscation of the Power Bank.
  • You are not allowed to board the flight because there is a dangerous object in your checked bag (= your Power Bank).
  • You are allowed to board the flight, but your checked bag didn’t make it through security because there is a dangerous object in your bag (= your Power Bank). The latter two cases are rather unlikely.

 

Are all types of batteries prohibited in checked baggage?

No. In particular, replacement batteries (loose batteries) such as lithium-metal batteries, lithium-ion cells, and lithium-ion batteries are prohibited in checked baggage. Portable electronic devices containing leak-proof batteries are allowed in checked baggage but subject to some restrictions. For more information, see the regulations for dangerous goods (Table 2.3. A, 60th Edition 2019) of the International Air Transport Association (IATA).

 

Are Power Banks prohibited in checked baggage anywhere in the world?

In general, Power Banks are now taboo everywhere in checked baggage. In China, in Europe, in the USA, in India and also in many other countries of the world. It is pretty safe to say that Powerbanks are now banned in checked baggage virtually anywhere in the world.

 

Is it allowed to use Power Banks on board the aircraft?

Power Banks are allowed in hand baggage (with restrictions), but their use on board the aircraft is strictly prohibited. You are therefore NOT allowed to charge your electronic devices with a Power Bank during the flight.